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Lake Turkana formerly known as Lake Rudolf lies in the Rift Valley of East Africa. It is about 250 km long and 15–30 km wide, with an average depth of about 30 meters. It is the world’s largest permanent desert lake and the world’s largest alkaline lake. By volume, it is the world’s fourth-largest salt lake.
The water surface is at an altitude of 355m above sea level. Average daytime temperatures may be as high as 40°C and lows of 32°C during the cold season in the month of July, whereas the night temperatures may range from 30°C to the lows of 26 °C. Due to the temperature difference between the land and the lake water body cooling winds are experienced. Rainfall is usually less than 110mm per year.
Lake Turkana is a spectacular slash of blue across the parched desert, lava fields, and mountains. Lake Turkana National Parks comprise Sibiloi National Park, South Island and Central Island National Parks covering an area located within the Lake Turkana Basin, and these national parks have collectively been designated as UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
At an altitude of only 355 m above sea level, Lake Turkana is one of the hottest places in Kenya, with temperatures of 40° C not uncommon. Onshore and offshore winds can be very strong, as the lake warms and cools more slowly than the land. Sudden violent storms are common.
Activities aboard on and around Lake Turkana include boat trips, visits to prehistoric and archaeological sites, Koobi Fora Museum, game view, bird watching, hiking on Central Island, and cultural experience.
Lake Turkana Flora and Fauna
On and around Lake Turkana, wildlife is minimal, this is not a wildlife destination however in Sibiloi National Park, terrestrial wildlife includes zebras, Grant gazelles, lions, leopards, striped hyenas, Beisa Oryx, greater kudu, cheetahs, hippopotamus, wild dog, Grevy’s zebra, and Lelwel hartebeest and northern topi among others.
The lake supports the world’s largest colony of Nile crocodiles, with an estimated population of 14,000 individuals breeding on Central Island. Endemic species of fish: The lake supports 60 species of freshwater fish, including seven endemic species
Lake Turkana is a good place for watching birds and studying the flora, so special, on the shores of the Turkana lake, there is no a destination for a pure safari. Sibiloi National Park serves as a stopover for migrant waterfowl. A total of over 350 species of aquatic and terrestrial birds have been recorded in Lake Turkana.
The area around Lake Turkana is characterized by semi-desert habitat and vegetation is at its minimum and this is witnessed on both sides of the lake.